Making Batik Process
Perhaps some people since the "conflict" with Malaysia on batik issues and finally recognized by Indonesian Batik Indonesia UNESCO in 2009, assume that the country that produces batik only Indonesia and Malaysia. But apparently, not only the Indonesian state that produces "Batik". There are at least 12 other countries that participate in producing batik, namely:
- South Africa
- Sri Lanka
But wait, before discussing further why there are other countries that participate in producing "batik" when Batik from Indonesia has been recognized by UNESCO on October 2, 2009, as "The Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity".
Well, the key is actually on the recognition of Unesco where Batik Indonesia is recognized as a Cultural Heritage of Humanity. That is, which is recognized as batik is batik and batik cap or a combination of both. hWhy, what to do with the 12 countries above.
There, ayukmampir.com mention 12 other countries that participate in producing "Batik". The word batik their writers use quotation marks. So, the authors suspect that the produced is not batik or batik cap or a combination of both, but batik printing alias batik mold machine.
According to some experts and practitioners of batik, batik printing is not batik, but the result of a textile industry that resembles or designs batik because in the process of batik printing there is nothing in the form of handmade, all processed machine.
Before UNESCO recognizes batik is Indonesia's cultural heritage, the Malaysian side has claimed that batik is Malaysia's cultural heritage. This problem could make tense relations between Indonesia-Malaysia.
Since the recognition of UNESCO on October 2, 2009, then the Indonesian government determined that every October 2 as the National Batik Day. Since this Batik Indonesia increasingly popular and progressed significantly
Kinds of Batik
The above has been mentioned about batik, batik Cap (Stamp) and batik printing. Then besides, what kind of batik does it have?
The types of batik based on the process (arranged by the highest level) are:
- Batik Tulis (Handmade Batik)
- Batik Cap (Stamp Batik)
- Combination of Stamp and handmade
- Batik Lukis (Painting Batik)
- Batik Printing
Batik Tulis (Handmade Batik)
Batik Tulis (handmade Batik) 40 years old (1977 - 2017)
In the strata (level) of batik, batik is the highest strata because the process of batik is really the result of human hands and done manually. From the design of motifs drawn manually, giving color to the picture, coloring the fabric to be a beautiful work of batik cloth. The process of working on one batik cloth can take between two to six months. Depending on the motif as well as the desired color.
Each result of one batik will be different from other Batik. It will not be the same motive. Colors can be the same, but for the motive will not be the same because one motive for one batik. So, batik is unique. Different from one to another. So it can be said that batik is a unique motive. Because of the process duration of the process and the unique motive, the price of a piece of batik cloth is more expensive than other types of batik cloth.
Batik Cap (Stamp Batik)
The second type is batik cap. This batik is made by using stamp technique (special stamp). Because using the cap technique on making the motive, then the batik cap is not unique. There will be the same because the stamp is used for some fabric. Other processes are almost the same as batik, just different when giving the motive.
In the past, the emergence of batik cap is due to interest in batik that continues to rise, while the process of making batik takes quite a long time (the fastest 2 months), then made a stamping technique to accelerate batik making poses. However, with the acceleration of the process, it does not mean that batik caps are made in bulk (many). The production of stamped batik for the same motif is usually limited to 20 sheets of fabric.
Combinations of handmade and Stamp
A combination of batik process with batik cap. The first process is to give motives with cap technique first and then added ornaments in motifs with writing techniques into batik that has been given a stamp.
The price of this combination of batik cloth is usually more expensive than the type of batik cloth cap.
Batik Lukis / Painting Batik
This type of batik is also the result of handmade creations made by human hands. The difference between this batik with batik is at the time of making the motive, where batik writes using canting to give color to the motif while painting using a paintbrush. The results of this type of batik generally use bright colors and "eye catching". Batik like this many we meet in Bali, especially coastal tourist areas.
Sablon / Printing Batik
Ayukmampir.com prefers to mention this is the result of garment or textile industry that resembles Batik because the process is all using a machine. The results of printing or printing this produces one type of motif that resembles batik with the size of the fabric up to tens of meters and is usually a long cloth roll. If we notice if there is a uniform that resembles batik worn some people, most likely used as a cloth like this.
In general, the process of batik workmanship, batik Cap (Stam) and batik painting is a homemade or home industry aka home industry, while the process of printing is the result of starting small industries to large scale industry.
The Price of cloth resembles this batik, much cheaper than the type of batik above. Just imagine, the price of a suit of this type of fabric is only worth Rp. 40,000 (forty thousand rupiahs) only.