Banyuwangi, is a district located at the eastern end of East Java province. It is adjacent to the island of Bali. Banyuwangi is famous for its nickname as Sunrise of Java. Banyuwangi is often only bypassed by tourists who plan to travel to the island of Bali through the port of crossing in Banyuwangi the Port of Ketapang. In fact, Banyuwangi has a number of attractions that are not less interesting with its neighbor, Bali.
Kawah Ijen (Ijen Crater)
Kawah Ijen (Ijen Crater), Banyuwangi
Ijen Crater is the most famous tourist attraction in Banyuwangi. This crater is located on a mountain called Mount Ijen which is an active volcano with an altitude of 2.443 meters above sea level and adjacent to Mount Raung and Mount Merapi (the name of this mountain is the same as the name of a mountain located in Yogyakarta). Mount Ijen in March 2016 was designated as a biosphere reserve by UNESCO.
The tourist area of Ijen Crater falls within the area of Ijen Park Nature Reserve which has an area of about 2,560 hectares. Inside it includes a tourist forest with an area of 92 hectares. Ijen crater is in the middle of the caldera which is the largest caldera on the island of Java with a diameter of about six kilometers. Crater size 960 x 600 meters with a depth of 200 meters. Ijen Crater is the crater with the largest acidity in the world.
Around the location of the crater that has a bluish green color, can be found plants that usually exist in the highlands such as edelweiss and mountain pine. Grow is also a plant called sweetrejo (cantiqi) which has a reddish-colored leaves.
The Blue Fire phenomenon in Ijen Crater
You can also find the Blue Fire phenomenon in Ijen Crater at the time of the morning before sunrise, at around 04.30. In the world, this phenomenon of Blue Fire can only be found in Iceland and Ijen Crater, Banyuwangi, Indonesia.
Accommodation and transportation
To get to the crater Ijen can through the entrance of Paltuding which is approximately 30 kilometers from the city of Banyuwangi. Many available various types of transportation to Ijen Crater. In the vicinity of the crater Ijen, there are several places where you can make a place to rest.
In addition to Mentawai, in Banyuwangi there is also a beach that is a paradise of surfers that is Plengkung beach is famous by another name G-Land. G-Land, "G" is an abbreviation of the word Grajagan which is the name of the bay located in the west of this beach. This beach is in the area of Alas Purwo National Park.
Land access to Plengkung beach from Banyuwangi city to Alas Purwo National Park first and continued with special vehicles such as Jeep or trooper car (provided by the manager) because access road through wilderness Alas Purwo is still natural. If you are in Bali, you can go to this beach by using a speed boat that is leased by the providers of speed boat rental services.
Because there is no hotel for surfing around Plengkung beach yet there are several surf camps with the concept of "Back to Nature" which can be selected for a place to stay here, namely Joyo Surf Camp, Bobby's Surf Camp and G-Land Surf & Resort.
Alas Purwo National Park
Alas Purwo National Park
In addition to Plengkung beach which is still part of Alas Purwo National Park, there are some places you can visit in the National Park which has the oldest forest in Java is like Savana Sadengan is touted as Africa Indonesia, Ngagelan Beach where you can see Turtle nesting in the night, Bedul Mangrove Forest which is the largest expanse of mangrove forest in Java, Pura Luhur Giri Salakan (this temple is built on the site of Majapahit Kingdom) which is an ancient temple that is still actively used and visited by adherents of Hinduism both from Hindu communities around Banyuwangi and some even come from Hindu from Bali, Cungur Beach which is home to 39 wild bird species as well as transit migrants, and some caves like the Castle Cave, Mayangkoro Cave and Padepokan Cave.
In the National Park with an area of 43,420 hectares is contained no less than 580 species of flora and 50 species of fauna. There are 13 species of bamboo plants where one of them is an endemic bamboo plant called Bamboo Manggong (Gigantochloa Manggong). In this National Park there are rare species of animals in Indonesia only found on the island of Java and Kalimantan, namely Banteng (Bos Javanicus).
Red Island Beach
This beach is located in the Red Island is located about 80 kilometers from the center of the city of Banyuwangi. On this beach there is a green hill with a height of about 200 meters that has a red ground. This hill becomes the main icon on this beach.
Red Island Beach, Banyuwangi.
The beauty of this island is mentioned more beautiful than the Kuta Beach in Bali. On this beach can also do surfing activities especially for beginner surfers. If you want to snorkel, there is an interesting spot here and there is also a snorkeling equipment rental.
For access to the location to the shores of Pulau Merah is very easy with very good road conditions. Transportation from Banyuwangi City to this tourist area is widely available, ranging from public transportation such as Bus to rental vehicles. No need to worry when you want to linger enjoy the beauty of this beach, because here have been there some home stay that you can choose as you wish.