The name “Bandung” somehow has a special ring to most Indonesians. During the Dutch era, around the 1930s, the city was called the “Paris van Java”. To the Indonesians, it was the City of Flowers.
Bandung has a cool climate. The city lies at an elevation of above sea level. As the capital city of the province of West Java, Bandung boasts many modern facilities. In 1955, the First Africa-Asian Conference was held in this city, marking the birth of the Non-Aligned Movement.
There are various cultural centers in Bandung, such as dance schools, angklung music studios, wayang golek troups and also centers of modern arts. Since the midst of the last century, Bandung has been famous as a center of education. The Dutch, during the colonial days, regarded it their intellectual center and considered making it the center of the administration of the Netherland East Indies. Bandung has many schools, from kindergarten up to the university level.
Places of Interest :
Plenty can bee was seen, enjoyed and experienced in Bandung. It is a pleasant experience just to walk down the street along Braga, or sample the Sundanese foods at the stalls, or browse along Jalan Cihampelas, where the latest youthful fashions can be bought cheaply.
Near the PLN Building Jalan Alun-Alun, at the Turangga Market, Kosambi or Jalan Karapitan, plenty of food is sold: from grilled corn to odading, hot “Bajigur” and “Pepes” fish. There is durian puree with steamed glutinous rice or Bandrek and Bajigur on Jalan Supratman, Food is sold everywhere.
The Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB) was established in 1920. It is now Indonesia’s foremost technological education institute.
The Bandung Zoo is located next to the ITB’s atomic reactor building, on Jalan Taman Sari.
The Geologic Museum is the most complete institution of its kind in Indonesia.
Sate Building, derives its name from skewer-like lightning-road on top of its roof. Built in 1920 to house the Department of Transportation and Irrigation it now serves as the governor’s office. The unique form of this building completed with the beauty of the garden yard.
Merdeka Building, in the center of Bandung, was built in 1879 by the Dutch architects Van Galen Last and C.P. Wolff Schoemaker. At that time it was called Societeit Concordia. Between 18th – 24th of April, 1995 an important event took place in the history of Asia Africa. The First Afro-Asian Conference held in the Merdeka Building, brought forth the Five Principles (of Non-Alignment and peacefull coexistence) of Bandung. The Asia-Africa Museum is housed in a wing of the building.
The Bandung Lautan Api (Bandung in Flames) monument inside the Cikutra Memorial Park is a reminder of the battle of March 25, 1946, between Dutch troops and Indonesian fighters, in which scorched-earth tactics destroyed sections in southern Bandung.
In Dago Hill is the popular Dago Tea House. Enjoy the sight of Bandung by night, glittering below. It is located 4 kilometers north of the city. About 500 meters away is a water fall, a recreation park, a golf course, and cafeteria.
The Ir. Juanda National Forest Park is nine kilometers from Bandung. It is a recreation forest occupying an area of 590 hectares. In the forest are caves for tunnels, some of which were dug by Japanese soldiers, others by Dutch engineers. The Japanese caves were meant to serve defense purposes, while those built by the Kris were for irrigation. Nowadays they are used by hikers as a convenient short-cut to Maribaya.
The Tangkuban Perahu is 12 kilometers from Lembang or 29 kilometers from Bandung. It is mountain recreation park containing 10 craters, among them : Kawah Ratu, Jurig, Upas and Domas.
The volcano is known to have erupted many times, for instance in 1829, 1846, 1887, 1910, 1926 and 1929. The air temperaturs range from 8 degrees to 19 degrees Celsius and the relative humidity is between 45 and 94 percent. The rainfall averages 2,700 mm a year. There are several restaurants and look-out pavillions.
The Ciater Hot Water spa is located in the village Ciater, 32 kilometers from Mountain Tangkuban Perahu. The water contains ionide and sulfur. Accommodations and restaurants are available.